The Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist
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The Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist is the true Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ hidden under the appearance of bread and wine.

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How are the bread and wine changed into the Body and Blood of Christ?
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The bread and wine are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ by the power of God through the ministry of the Priest. This is called ‘Transubstantiation’
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When are the bread and wine changed into the Body and Blood of Christ?

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The bread and wine are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ during the Sacrifice of the Mass at the Consecration.

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What are the Words of Consecration spoken by the priest?

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The Words of Consecration spoken by the priest during Mass are the same as those used by Jesus at the Last Supper, when He broke the bread, gave it to His disciples, and said:

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"Take this, all of you, and eat it: this is my Body which will be given up for you."

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And then, He gave the cup to His disciples, and said:

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"Take this, all of you, and drink from it: this is the cup of my Blood, the blood of the new and everlasting covenant. It will be shed for you and for all so that sins may be forgiven. Do this in memory of me."

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Why has Jesus given Himself to us in the Holy Eucharist?

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Jesus has given himself to us in the Holy Eucharist to nourish and strengthen his life within us - the life and love of God that we received at our Baptism. Jesus said: "I am the living bread which has come down from Heaven. Anyone who eats this bread will live for ever."

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Is Jesus received whole and entire when we receive the Sacred Host in Holy Communion?

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Yes, Jesus is received whole and entire when we receive the Host in Holy Communion.

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Is Jesus received whole and entire when we receive the Precious Blood in Holy Communion?

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Yes, Jesus is received whole and entire when we receive the Precious Blood in Holy Communion.

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What must we do to receive Holy Communion worthily?

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To receive Holy Communion worthily we must be in a state of grace. We must also not have taken any food or drink for at least one hour beforehand (except water).

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What is meant by being ‘in a state of grace’?

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To be ‘in a state of grace’ means to be free from grave or mortal sin and pleasing to God.

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Is it a sin to receive Holy Communion if we are not in a state of grace?

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Yes, it is a grave sin to receive Holy Communion if we are not in a state of grace.

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